New Guinea is considered a biodiversity hotspot, having close to 10% of the world’s vertebrates on 1% of the total landmass. The island’s fauna is also very different from what is found in surrounding islands. Tree kangaroos and birds of paradise are just two among many groups (see WWF: “New Guinea Animals and Plants”, link below).
New Guinea’s fauna now faces growing threats, from logging, mining, agricultural plantations and over-use of species (see WWF as above, also Mongabay: "Indonesia to target New Guinea for agricultural expansion", 22 Feb 10, and “World's rarest tree kangaroo gets help from those who once hunted it”, 17 Aug 09, link below).
Links to external websites:
[wb1] Mongabay - 17 Aug 09 - World's rarest tree kangaroo gets help from those who once hunted it - An interview with Jim and Jean Thomas of the Tenkile Conservation Alliance
[wb2] Conservation International - 6 Oct 10 - INCREDIBLE ARRAY OF NEW SPECIES FOUND IN REMOTE PAPUA NEW GUINEA - NEW FROGS, SPIDERS, RODENTS & OTHER CRITTERS AMONG 200 NEW SPECIES DISCOVERED
[wb3] WWF - Click to visit webpage: "New Guinea Animals and Plants"
[wb4] Mongabay - 22 Feb 10 - Indonesia to target New Guinea for agricultural expansion - - Indonesia will target its last frontier — its territory on New Guinea — as it seeks to become a major agricultural exporter, reports the AFP
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